Teknik Delphi: Membangun Konsensus

Teknik Delphi digunakan secara luas untuk mengumpulkan data dari responden dalam bidang keahliannya. Teknik ini dirancang untuk mencapai kesepakatan pendapat atas sutau masalah riel secara spesifik. Proses Delphi diterapkan pada berbagai bidang studi seperti perencanaan program, evaluasi kebutuhan, penentuan kebijakan, serta penggunaan sumber daya. Dalam teknik ini digunakan rangkaian kuesioner yang disampaikan kepada panel ahli dalam beberapa putaran.

1. Slide Teknik Delphi

2. Artikel: Chia-Chien Hsu and Brian A. Sandford, “The Delphi Technique: Making Sense of Consensus,” Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation 12, no. 10 (2007): 1–8.

3. Harold A. Linstone and Murray Turoff, “The Delphi Method – Techniques and Applications,” The Delphi Method – Techniques and Applications, 2002, 1–616, doi:10.2307/1268751.

 




Research Onion

Saunders, Lewis, & Thornhill (2009) mengemukakan research onion dalam memahami metodologi penelitian. Dari filsafat hingga teknik dan prosedur diumpamakan seperti bawang, lalu ada lapisan-lapisannya yang meliputi.

  1. Philosophy
  2. Approaches
  3. Strategies
  4. Choices
  5. Time horizon
  6. Techniques & procedures

 

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Saunders, M., Lewis, P., & Thornhill, A. (2009). Research methods for business students (5th ed.). Essex, England: Pearson Education Limited.




Menulis Bagian Diskusi

Dalam mengerjakan naskah karya ilmiah, bagian diskusi dapat ditulis dengan pendekatan bola salju. Hal ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan Google Scholar.

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Syahrir Bin Zaini 




Memahami Regresi Berganda Secara Mudah

Gulden Kaya Uyanik & Nese Guler. 2013. A Study on multiple regression analysis. In 4th International Conference on New Horizons in Education. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 106, 234-240.




Ekonomi Mikro

Buku dan powerpoint

Pindyck, Robert S., and Daniel L. Rubinfeld. “Microeconomics.” (2013). Pearson Education, Inc.

I. Introduction: Markets and Prices

1.Preliminaries

2. The Basics of Supply and Demand

II. Producers, Consumers, and Competitive Markets

3. Consumer Behavior

4. Individual and Market Demand

4. Uncertainty and Consumer Behavior

6. Production

7. The Cost of Production

8. Profit Maximization and Competitive Supply

9. The Analysis of Competitive Markets

III. Market Structure and Competitive Strategy

10. Market Power: Monopoly and Monopsony

11. Pricing with Market Power

12. Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly

13. Game Theory and Competitive Strategy

14. Markets for Factor Inputs

15. Investment, Time, and Capital Markets

IV. Information, Market Failure, and the Role of Government

16. General Equilibrium and Economic Efficiency

17. Markets with Asymmetric Information

18. Externalities and Public Goods

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  POKOK BAHASAN

Presentasi kelompok

UTS

Pasar persaingan sempurna

Pasar monopoli

Pasar persaingan monopolistik, oligopoli dan teori permainan

Pasar faktor produksi

Risiko dan nilai waktu

Ketidakadilan pasar

Tujuan kesejahteraan

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Mencari Tahu Jurnal berindeks ERA

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ERA Journal Rankings Access




MINIMUM SAMPLE SIZE UNTUK EXPLORATORY FACTOR ANALYSIS (EFA)

1. GUILFORT (1954) RECOMMEND MINIMUM SAMPLE SIZE 200 FOR CONSISTENT FACTOR RECOVERY.

2. COMREY (1973) SUGGEST A RANGE MINIMUM SAMPLE SIZES, FROM 50 (VERY POOR) TO 1000 (EXCELLENT) AND ADVISED TO RESEARCHER SAMPLE SIZE LARGER THAN 500.

3. GORSUCH (1974) SAMPLE SIZE BELOW 50 (SMALL) & ABOVE 200 (LARGER).

4. CATTELL (1978) PROPOSED 500 WOULD BE A GOOD SAMPLE SIZE & HOWEVER 200 OR 250 COULD BE ACCEPTABLE.

5. BOOMSMA (1982) SAMPLE SIZE LESS 100 (DANGEROUS) & RECOMMEND 200 (SAFE) SAMPLE SIZE.

6. MACCALLUM ET AL., (199) & MACCALLUM ET AL., (2001) MINIMUM SAMPLE SIZE OF 60.

7. SAPNAS AND ZELLER (2002) SAMPLE SIZE RANGE 50-100 WAS ADEQUATE.

DAN BANYAK LAGI JUSTIFICATION OF SAMPLE SIZE MINIMUM & RECOMMENDED

Joost de Winter, Dimitra Dodou, Peter A Wiering. “Exploratory factor analysis with small sample sizes.” Multivariate behavioral research 44, no. 2 (2009): 147-181.

Nurul Fadly Habidin




Kelebihan dan Kekurangan Metode Campuran

 

Strengths of Mixed Methods Design

Some strengths of MMR design include:

  1. they point out that words, photos, and narratives can be used to add meaning to numbers while numbers can add precision to words, photos, and narratives;
  2. they can handle a wider range of research questions because the researcher is not limited to one research design;
  3. they can present a more robust conclusion;
  4. they offer enhanced validity through triangulation (cross validation); e) they can add insight and understanding that might be missed when only a single research design is used; and
  5. they can increase the capability to generalize the results compared to using only qualitative study designs (Cronholm, & Hjalmarsson, 2011).

 

Weaknesses of Mixed Methods Design

Some weaknesses of MMR include:

  1. they can be difficult for a single researcher especially when the two designs are best used concurrently, in this case the study might require a research team;
  2. they can be more time consuming and expensive when concurrency is involved; c) they require that the researcher(s) learn multiple methods to combine them knowledgeably, defend the use of multiple methods, utilized them professionally, etc.; and
  3. they are not without conflict because methodological purists maintain that researchers should work within either a quantitative or a qualitative research design never mixing the two designs in a single study (Cronholm, & Hjalmarsson, 2011).

 

Caruth, G. D. (2013). Demystifying mixed methods research design: A review of the literature. Mevlana International Journal of Education (MIJE), 3(2), 112–122.

 




Bila Penulisan Referensi tidak Rapi

Reviewer maupun editor akan menolak makalah yang penulisan daftar pustakanya tidak cermat (kesalahan jumlah halaman, volume, nomor). Sebab jika penulisan referensinya saja ceroboh, isi makalahnya juga ceroboh.

The importance of diversity in peer review.




Nama-nama Tuhan dan Penerapannya dalam Manajemen

 

Abuznaid, S. (2006). Islam and Management: What Can Be Learned? Thunderbird International Business Review, 48(1), 125–139. http://doi.org/10.1002/tie