Artikel Kajian Literatur

Cara melakukan literature review dalam rangka menemukan knowledge gaps dan future research.

Aguinis, Herman, and Ante Glavas. “What we know and don’t know about corporate social responsibility: A review and research agenda.” Journal of management 38, no. 4 (2012): 932-968.

Hoque, Zahirul. “20 years of studies on the balanced scorecard: trends, accomplishments, gaps and opportunities for future research.” The British accounting review 46, no. 1 (2014): 33-59.

Trianaputri, Anisa Ramadhini, Dodik Siswantoro, and Miranti Kartika Dewi. “CSR in Islamic Financial Institution: A Literature Review.” Tazkia Islamic Finance and Business Review 11, no. 2 (2018).

Zahirul Hoque. Celebrating 20 years of the Balanced Scorecard: relevance lost or relevance gained and sustained?

Peraturan Penilaian Angka Kredit


Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. 2014. Pedoman Operasional Penilaian Angka Kredit Kenaikan Pangkat/Jabatan Akademik Dosen

Dasar-dasar Metodologi Riset Survey

  • Mengapa survey, apa kelebihannya?
  • Apa yang dimaksud dengan desain survey?
  • Populasi, sampling, unit analisis
  • Pengembangan instrumen survey
  • Variabel
  • Jenis-jenis pertanyaan survey
  • Analisis data dan pelaporan

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Priscilla A. Glasow. 2005. Fundamentals of Survey Research Methodology. Washingto: MITRE Department.

Pedoman Merancang Program Pelatihan

Image result for training program

Rujukan dalam mendesain pelatihan
Training Material Development Guide – Msb…/files/mds3-ch52-training-mar2012.pdf
Designing and implementing training programs – Management ……/Personality%20Dev%20N%20DLM.pdf
Training Module on Personality Development ……/unpfii/documents/trainingmodule_en.pdf
Training Module – the United Nations…/10-Step-Process-for-Developing…
10-step process for developing training courses –…/capacityBuilding/TrainingModule148.pdf
training module – UNEP – Geneva…
How to Create Effective Training Manuals…/2010/11/Equitas_Generic_TOT_2007.pdf
Training of Trainers: Designing and Delivering Effective … – Equitas
Design an Effective Model for Training the Trainers…/T0107_projectdesign.pdf
The New Project Design and Management Workshop Training Manual

Persentase Makalah oleh Penerbit Besar

Reed-Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Springer, Taylor & Francis, Sage Publications, American Chemical Society

Larivière, Vincent, Stefanie Haustein, and Philippe Mongeon. “The oligopoly of academic publishers in the digital era.” PloS one 10, no. 6 (2015): e0127502.

Skala Pengukuran Spiritualitas


Fisher (2010)

(1) Personal; (2) Environmental; (3) Communal; and (4) Transcendental


2. Dimensions of Spirituality: A Framework for Adult Educators

Fenwick and Lange (1998)

(1) life and death; (2) soul and self; (3) cosmology; (4) knowledge; (5) the Bway^; (6) focus; (7) practices of spirituality and the role of others; and (8) responses.


3. Daily Spiritual Experience Scale (DSES) Underwood et al. (2002)

(1) Strength and Comfort; (2) Perceived Divine Love; (3) Inspiration or Discernment


4. Developing and Validating a Questionnaire to Measure Spirituality: A Psychometric Process

Parsian and Dunning (2009)

(1) Importance of spiritual beliefs; (2) Self-awareness; (3) Environmental awareness; (4) Relationships; (5) Spiritual needs; (6) Spiritual experiences


5. Spirituality Assessment Scale (SAS)

Beazley (1998)

(1) Living the faith relationship; (2) Prayer or meditation; (3) Honesty; (4) Humility; (5) Service towards others


6. Spirituality Assessment Scale (SAS)

Howden (1992)

(1) Unifying Connectedness; (2) Purpose & Meaning in Life; (3) Innerness & Transcendence (non-religious orientation)


Spirituality Measurement Scale (SMS)

1 Self Engagement (ENG)

1.1 Meditation

1.2 Yoga

1.3 Reading books about self development

1.4 Spiritual singing

1.5 Chanting Mantras

1.6 Attending spiritual workshops/activities/events

2 Service towards others (STO)

2.1 I give my time to help others.

2.2 I sacrifice my personal ego needs to do what best serves’ others.

2.3 I give my material resources to help others.

2.4 I am generally humble to others.

2.5 Compassion comes naturally to me.

  1. Self Efficacy (SE)

3.1 I have a meaningful life.

3.2 I have confidence in my actions.

3.3 Most of the time, I have a positive approach.

3.4 If I could live my life again, I would change nothing.

3.5 I am a self-content person.

3.6 The progression of my life is as expected.

3.7 So far, I have got everything I deserve.

3.8 I am satisfied with my life, as a whole.

  1. Transcendence (T)

4.1 Creates an atmosphere Of positivity.

4.2 Promotes peaceful living.

4.3 Helps in reducing depression.

4.4 Relates to a person’s search for finding greater meaning in one’s existence.

4.5 Is what keeps people anchored to happiness.

4.6 A holistic approach that embraces all, under one super natural being.

4.7 A belief, that we all derive the supreme power from one common source.

4.8 Helps in realizing one’s higher purpose in life.

4.9 Bowing before his will without any doubt.

4.10 Spirit of keep going and not giving up.

4.11 Promotes togetherness among all beings.

4.12 Helps in having clarity in life.

4.13 Enhances healthy lifestyle.

4.14 Working together to resolve conflicts in a positive way.

4.15 Utilizing the power of the rational mind for the benefit of the society.

4.16 Being connected with divinity.

4.17 Spreads the message of unity in diversity.

4.18 A feeling of oneness with all living beings.

4.19 The awareness of my spirit.

  1. Self Awareness (SA)

5.1 I have awareness of my career.

5.2 I have awareness of my aspirations.

5.3 I am aware about my desires.

5.4 I am aware about my daily needs.

5.5 I have awareness of my body.

5.6 I have awareness of my family.

Makkar, S., & Singh, A. K. (2018). Development of a spirituality measurement scale. Current Psychology, 1-8.


Makalah Konsep vs Makalah Tinjauan

Concept paper and Review paper are the same? Some say yes, I say no. Want to know why? READ 👇 for answers:

1️⃣ Objectives of the papers:
Presents authors’ unique study and a proposed solution for a very specific problem
CRITICALLY analyze existing literature on a topic, can be broad or narrow.

2️⃣ Literature for the papers:
The paper is built upon authors’ original idea, so literature related to the idea should be included
The paper is built upon existing articles, not original, which is also known as secondary literature.

3️⃣ Writing Methodology:
The paper can be written based on a designated framework/solution for a problem in social context, or basic simulation or proposed idea for scientific context.
A specific topic should be selected, followed by summarizing existing literature to exhibit the overall research trend of that topic and its current state.

4️⃣ Complete Structure:
The overall proposed solution will be discussed and a pilot study can be included. Body of the paper would include Abstract, Background, Methodology, and some preliminary results if required, and the findings.
Its all about dissecting the current literature, reporting on common findings, and contradicting findings would be excellent to report. You can include the missing puzzle among the discussed literature, the trend and where its heading, more of future outlook.

5️⃣ Submission Standard:
Mostly Scopus or non-indexed, SCI/SSCI would be tough.
Can hit SCI / SSCI, if written properly with broad literature and strong reporting on any contradictions and great future outlook.

Dr. Thavamaran Kanesan

Pertimbangan Metode Riset Kualitatif, Kuantitatif dan Campuran

Riset Kualitatif

  1. Peneliti kurang memiliki pengetahuan tentang fenomena yang dipelajari
  2. Fenomena yang dipelajari bersifat abstrak
  3. Ada ketidak-pastian apakah pertanyaan yang diajukan merupakan pertanyaan yang tepat


  1. Hasil penelitian sukar atau mustahil digeneralisasi
  2. Hasil tidak obyektif sehingga sukar direplikasi
  3. Tidak ada transparansi

Riset Kuantitatif

  1. Peneliti memiliki pengetahuan yang baik mengenai fenomena yang dipelajari
  2. Fenomena tersebut bersifak konkrit


  1. Hipotesis tidak relevan
  2. Penjelasan bersifat superfisial

Metode Campuran

  1. Waktu dan sumber daya
  2. Pengetahuan terhadap metode
  3. Masalah meyakinkan peneliti mengenai pentingnya metode campuran

Cronholm, S., & Hjalmarsson, A. (2011). Experiences from sequential use of mixed methods. The electronic journal of business research methods, 9(2), 87-95.



Buku Referensi
Adalah tulisan dlm bentuk buku yg substansi pembahasannya pada satu bid. Ilmu kompetensi penulis. Isi tulisan hrs memenuhi syarat sebuah karya ilmiah yg utuh, yaitu adanya rumusan masalah yg mengandung nilai kebaharuan, metodologi pemecahan masalah, dukungan data atau teori mutakhir yg lengkap dan jelas, serta ada simpulan dan daftar pustaka.

• JUDUL Buku Referensi
• Rumusan Masalah (ada Novelty)
• Tujuan penelitian

Buku Monograf
Adalah suatu tulisan ilmiah dlm btk buku yg substansi pembahasannya hanya pada satu topik/hal dlm suatu bidang ilmu kompetensi penulis. yaitu adanya rumusan masalah yg mengandung nilai kebaharuan (novelty), metodologi pemecahan masalah, dukungan data atau teori mutakhir yg lengkap dan jelas, serta ada simpulan dan daftar pustaka.

• Rumusan Masalah (ada Novelty)
• Tujuan penelitian


Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. 2014. Pedoman Operasional Penilaian Angka Kredit Kenaikan Pangkat/Jabatan Akademik Dosen

Cover Letter untuk Jurnal

Apa itu cover letter? Mengapa sebuah paper perlu cover letter? Sebagai penjelas, cover letter adalah semacam ungkapan kulo nuwun, atau semacam pernyataan ijin untuk ikut berkontribusi pada sebuah komunitas ilmiah dengan cara mengirimkan karya tulis kita. Biasanya, cover letter dikirimkan pada ketua atau chairman, atau kepada Editor-In-Chief dari jurnal target dalam waktu yang sama saat proses submission paper. Contoh cover letter ada pada gambar di bawah ini.

Contoh cover letter

Cover letter di atas bukanlah contoh terbaik, tapi setidaknya ada beberapa bagian penting yang perlu kita perhatikan. Bagian (1) adalah nama dari Editor-In-Chief, atau kepada siapa cover letter tersebut kita kirimkan. Bagian (2) adalah permohonan tertulis untuk publikasi pada jurnal target. Bagian (3) menunjukkan ringkasan kontribusi yang kita lakukan dan sekilas hasil penelitian kita. Bagian (4) adalah pernyataan bahwa semua penulis jurnal telah menyetujui isi dari jurnal tersebut. Bagian (5) adalah identitas lengkap dari corresponding author, atau penulis yang bertanggung jawab mengurusi proses korespondensi dan submission. Tidak semua jurnal memerlukan cover letter. Tapi bila jurnal itu mensyaratkan, pastikan kita tidak membuat kesalahan sekecil apapun di bagian ini.

Contoh lain cover letter:

Sample cover letter


[Your Name]
[Your Affiliation]
[Your Address]




Dear [Editor name],

I/We wish to submit an original research article entitled “[title of article]” for consideration by [journal name].

I/We confirm that this work is original and has not been published elsewhere, nor is it currently under consideration for publication elsewhere.

In this paper, I/we report on / show that _______. This is significant because __________.

We believe that this manuscript is appropriate for publication by [journal name] because it… [specific reference to the journal’s Aims & Scope]. __________.

[Please explain in your own words the significance and novelty of the work, the problem that is being addressed, and why the manuscript belongs in this journal. Do not simply insert your abstract into your cover letter! Briefly describe the research you are reporting in your paper, why it is important, and why you think the readership of the journal would be interested in it.]

We have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

If you feel that the manuscript is appropriate for your journal, we suggest the following reviewers:

[List reviewers and contact info, if requested by the journal]

Please address all correspondence concerning this manuscript to me at [email address].

Thank you for your consideration of this manuscript.


[Your name]

File: sample_cover_letter

Sunu Wibirama, 2012. Sepuluh Tips dan Sopan Santun Menulis Jurnal Ilmiah