Bagaimana Menulis Proposal PhD?
How to Write Your Introduction
- Tell the reader about your problem.
- Tell the reader who is suffering from that problem?
- How you going to solve that problem?
- Tell the reader that you are qualified and equipped with the right methods of solving that problem.
- Tell the reader the benefits you offer by solving that problem?
- Tell the reader what results you anticipate.
- Make sure to tell what is the most important to them. No more, no less and stand for your claim.
How to Write Your Problem Statement
- What is the problem? What?
- Where is the problem? Where?
- How to solve the problem? How?
- Why you want to solve the problem? Why?
- Is the problem current?
- Will the problem continue in the future if it is not solved?
- Who is suffering by that problem?
- Will this problem prove or disprove the existing knowledge?
How to Write Your Research Questions
- Choose a topic that interests you and your readers.
- Make an investigation on your topic by going through scholarly journals and see what questions are raised by your peers.
- Take note of what questions are not raised so that you elevate it.
- Your research questions should not be answered by simple facts; it must require critical analysis and field tested research. It must be provoking and requires significant examination.
- Your research questions should be neither very broad nor very narrow. If too narrow, you will have difficulty in finding relevant information.
- Do not forget to show your research questions to your supervisors before going into details of it.
How to Write Your Literature Review
- Does the literature review discuss about authenticity of his problem statement?
- Does the literature review significantly support the severity of his problem statement?
- Does the researcher agree or disagree with existing knowledge, and why?
- Is his/her final judgment or conclusion is sound, logical and persuasive?
- Does the researcher find literatures that prove or disprove his problem statement?
How to Write Your Methodology
- Choose your methodology based on the type of research you are conducting.
- Institute a clear and concise affiliation between your study and your methodology.
- Ask yourself whether this methodology answers your research questions?
- Provide meaningful reason for choosing your methodology such as literature review.
- Divide your method into research design, population, sample, instrument, validity, reliability, results and implementation phases.
- Most importantly, are you comfortable with it?
Faryadi, Qais. “How to Write Your PhD Proposal: A Step-By-Step Guide.” American International Journal of Contemporary Research 2, no. 4 (2012): 111–115. http://www.aijcrnet.com/journals/Vol_2_No_4_April_2012/12.pdf.