Istilah “Variabel” dalam Riset Kualitatif?
“Qualitative research is based on the epistemological assumption that social phenomena are so complex and interwoven that they cannot be reduced to isolated variables, so it is not appropriate to use the term variable when defining qualitative research.” (Yilmaz, 2013, p. 311)
“reality, as it is lived by the subjects of research, is not fragmentable into variables and processes, but is rather experienced holistically and mediated heavily by values, attitudes, beliefs, and the meanings which persons ascribe to their experiences, and as a result, inquirers must approach human subjects and human phenomena holistically rather than in piecemeal fashion;” (Guba & Lincoln, 1982, p.249)
“Let’s stay away from quantitative language that might mislead readers
• What is not included in this statement:
– Not a comparison
– Not relating variables
– Not proving hypotheses
– Not measuring variables”
(Creswell & Clark, 2004)
Riset kualitatif tidak menggunakan hipotesis.
(Trice & Bloom, 2014)
Trice, L. B., & Bloom, K. C. (2014). PICOT, Problem Statement, Research Question, Hypothesis. In C. Boswell & S. Cannon (Eds.), Introduction to Nursing Research: Incorporating Evidence-Based Practice (3rd ed.). Burlington: Jones & Bartlett Learning.