Kelebihan dan Kekurangan Metode Campuran
Strengths of Mixed Methods Design
Some strengths of MMR design include:
- they point out that words, photos, and narratives can be used to add meaning to numbers while numbers can add precision to words, photos, and narratives;
- they can handle a wider range of research questions because the researcher is not limited to one research design;
- they can present a more robust conclusion;
- they offer enhanced validity through triangulation (cross validation); e) they can add insight and understanding that might be missed when only a single research design is used; and
- they can increase the capability to generalize the results compared to using only qualitative study designs (Cronholm, & Hjalmarsson, 2011).
Weaknesses of Mixed Methods Design
Some weaknesses of MMR include:
- they can be difficult for a single researcher especially when the two designs are best used concurrently, in this case the study might require a research team;
- they can be more time consuming and expensive when concurrency is involved; c) they require that the researcher(s) learn multiple methods to combine them knowledgeably, defend the use of multiple methods, utilized them professionally, etc.; and
- they are not without conflict because methodological purists maintain that researchers should work within either a quantitative or a qualitative research design never mixing the two designs in a single study (Cronholm, & Hjalmarsson, 2011).
Caruth, G. D. (2013). Demystifying mixed methods research design: A review of the literature. Mevlana International Journal of Education (MIJE), 3(2), 112–122.